Merger and Acquisition (M&A) is one of the most trending way to expand your business. It is a transaction in which the ownership of the companies, other business organizations or their operating units, are transferred to another company or combined as one business unit or one company. As an aspect of strategic management, M&A can allow enterprises to grow, shrink, and change the nature of their business or competitive position. From a legal point of view, a merger is a legal consolidation of two entities into one entity, whereas an acquisition occurs when one entity takes ownership of another entity's stock, equity interests or assets. From commercial and economic point of view, both types of transactions generally result in the consolidation of assets and liabilities under one entity, and the distinction between a "merger" and an "acquisition" is less clear. A transaction legally structured as a merger may have the effect of placing one party's business under the indirect ownership of the other party's shareholders, while a transaction legally structured as an acquisition may give each party's shareholders partial ownership and control of the combined enterprise. A deal may be euphemistically called a "merger of equals" if both CEOs agree that joining together is in the best interest of both of their companies, while when the deal is unfriendly (that is, when the management of the target company opposes the deal) it may be regarded as an "acquisition".
Most important aspect of mergers and acquisitions are the valuation of business, which may be achieved by following ways, as under :
Equity Share Valuation
Discounted Cash Flow Valuation of Business
Future Maintainable Earning Valuation
Know the value of your business and identify strategic move for expansion of your business by way of merger or acquisition. Keep valuing your business.